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EFAS relies on hydro-meteorological observations, numerical weather predictions and satellite images to produce, enrich and validate its products, improving their accuracy and reliability. In-situ monitoring of hydrological and meteorological variables are particularly crucial for the EFAS model input, calibration, validation and post-processing.

Any contribution (data and verification) from data providers are very welcome and greatly recognised by the EFAS consortium, the Copernicus EMS and the Copernicus program.

In-situ data access and use is governed by a data license which has been developed together with the Copernicus in-situ component and applies to all Copernicus services.

Meteorological data

EFAS collects the following in-situ meteorological data:

  • real-time data
  • historical data: from January 1970 onwards
  • meta data: latitude, longitude, elevation and instrument specifications
  • temporal resolution: highest available (minimum daily)
  • variables:
    • Precipitation
    • 2m air temperature
    • Daily minimum 2m air temperature
    • Daily maximum 2m air temperature
    • 10m Wind speed
    • 10m Wind direction
    • Cloud cover
    • Water vapor pressure
    • Solar radiation
    • Sunshine duration
    • Relative air humidity
    • Evaporation
    • Dew point temperature

The Meteorological Data Collection Centre of the Copernicus EMService is operated by KISTERS AG and the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (GPCC) of the German Weather Service (DWD). KISTERS AG hosts the data base, quality control procedures and gridding schemes, and GPCC oversees and improves the quality control procedures and to acts as focal point for meteorological data providers.

Further information on the meteorological data collection, data formats or possible data transfer methods can be found in here. To provide meteorological data or for any further questions, contact us at efas.mdcc@dwd.de.

A list of current in-situ meteorological data providers at the bottom of this page.

Hydrological data

EFAS collects the following in-situ hydrological data:

  • variables: water level and/or discharge
  • real-time data
  • historical data: minimum 3 year-long historical time series
  • meta data: coordinates (WGS84), elevation, threshold levels, river name (local and in English), catchment name (local and in English) and surface area (km2), timezone and rating curves
  • temporal resolution: aggregated values (start, middle and end of the interval), instantaneous values.
  • variables
    • discharge, water level
    • highest historical values registered
    • lowest historical values registered

The Hydrological Data Collection Centre of the Copernicus EMS is operated by SOOLOGIC Technological Solutions and the Environment and Water Agency of the Regional Ministry for the Environment and Spatial Planning (AMAyA) of Andalucia, Spain. SOOLOGIC hosts the data base, performs quality control procedures and data transfers, and AMAyA oversees and improves the quality control procedures and acts as focal point for hydrological data providers.

Further information on the hydrological data collection, data formats or possible data transfer methods can be found in here. To provide hydrological data or for any further questions, contact us at hydro@efas.eu.

Data providers

Meteorological data

EFAS current in-situ meteorological data providers include:

Hydrological Data providers

EFAS current in-situ hydrological data providers include: